Dominant primary solidus and minor subsolidus tourmalines from a variety of granitic pegmatites enclosed in serpentinites of the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic were examined, mainly by electron probe micro-analyser, to reveal the degree of external Mg(Ca)-contamination from their host rocks. The rocks include: (i) homogeneous to slightly heterogeneous nests of plagioclase-tourmaline rocks (group A) of anatectic or metasomatic origin, (ii) subhomogeneous to simply zoned barren pegmatite dikes (group B), and (iii) Li-bearing zoned pegmatite dikes of rare-element class (group C). The plagioclase-tourmaline rocks (group A) show spatial relation to pegmatites of the group B. Mostly black primary tourmalines (dravite, oxy-dravite, uvite, schorl, oxy-schorl, fluor-schorl) show extensive Mg- and Ca-contamination (group A), moderate Mg- and locally minor Ca-contamination (group B plus the locality Věžná I of the group C) and weak Mg-contamination of the tourmaline solely from outermost pegmatite units (group C); tourmalines from internal units of the pegmatites are typically Mg-free. The substitution mechanisms include MgR2+ −1 (R2+ = Fe2+ > Mn2+) in all groups, NaR2+ (□Al)−1 and R2+ (OH) (AlO)−1 in Ca-poor tourmalines and CaO (NaOH)−1 combined with the substitution CaR2+ (NaAl)−1 in Ca-enriched tourmalines (group A). Both Mg- and Ca-contamination events were very likely contemporaneous. The extent of contamination is higher in small and texturally simple plagioclase-tourmaline rocks (group A). Larger and more highly evolved Li-bearing pegmatites (group C) with zoned internal structure show a high degree of undercooling; consequently, rapid crystallization of outer zones with biotite and/or tourmaline depleted melt in almost all Mg and isolated the pegmatite body from further external contamination during solidus crystallisation. The granitic pegmatites (group B and group C) were open to the host serpentinite during early solidus crystallization immediately after emplacement of melt and then in early and/or late subsolidus crystallization (hydrothermal stage); in plagioclase-tourmaline rocks (group A) the system was likely continuously open to host serpentinite. This study affirms tourmaline as a very useful indicator of external contamination and elevated contents of Mg in tourmaline or in other minerals are the most reliable sign of external contamination in granitic rocks.
Mineralogy and Petrology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 30, 2017
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