Total pressure fluctuations and two-phase flow turbulence in hydraulic jumps

Total pressure fluctuations and two-phase flow turbulence in hydraulic jumps The large-scale turbulence and high air content in a hydraulic jump restrict the application of many traditional flow measurement techniques. This paper presents a physical modelling of hydraulic jump, where the total pressure and air–water flow properties were measured simultaneously with intrusive probes, namely a miniature pressure transducer and a dual-tip phase-detection probe, in the jump roller. The total pressure data were compared to theoretical values calculated based upon void fraction, water depth and flow velocity measured by the phase-detection probe. The successful comparison showed valid pressure measurement results in the turbulent shear region with constant flow direction. The roller region was characterised by hydrostatic pressure distributions, taking into account the void fraction distributions. The total pressure fluctuations were related to both velocity fluctuations in the air–water flow and free-surface dynamics above the roller, though the time scales of these motions differed substantially. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Total pressure fluctuations and two-phase flow turbulence in hydraulic jumps

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-014-1847-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The large-scale turbulence and high air content in a hydraulic jump restrict the application of many traditional flow measurement techniques. This paper presents a physical modelling of hydraulic jump, where the total pressure and air–water flow properties were measured simultaneously with intrusive probes, namely a miniature pressure transducer and a dual-tip phase-detection probe, in the jump roller. The total pressure data were compared to theoretical values calculated based upon void fraction, water depth and flow velocity measured by the phase-detection probe. The successful comparison showed valid pressure measurement results in the turbulent shear region with constant flow direction. The roller region was characterised by hydrostatic pressure distributions, taking into account the void fraction distributions. The total pressure fluctuations were related to both velocity fluctuations in the air–water flow and free-surface dynamics above the roller, though the time scales of these motions differed substantially.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 5, 2014

References

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