This article proposes an acoustic muffler design procedure based on finite element models and a Bi-directional Evolutionary Acoustic Topology Optimization. The main goal is to find the best configuration of barriers inside acoustic mufflers used in the automotive industry that reduces sound pressure level in the outlet of the muffler. The acoustic medium is governed by Helmholtz equation and rigid wall boundary conditions are introduced to represent acoustic barriers. The continuum problem is written in the frequency domain and it is discretized using the finite element method. The adopted objective function is Transmission Loss (TL). Increasing TL guarantees that the sound pressure level ratio between outlet and inlet of the muffler is reduced. To find the configuration of acoustic barriers that increases the Transmission Loss function of the muffler an adaptation of the Bi-directional Evolutionary Structural Optimization (BESO) method is used. Applying the proposed design procedure topologies in 2D models are reached, which raises the Transmission Loss function for one or multiple frequencies. Three examples are presented to show the efficiency of the proposed procedure.
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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