Topical Minoxidil Versus Topical Diltiazem for Chemical Sphincterotomy of Chronic Anal Fissure: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Clinical Trial

Topical Minoxidil Versus Topical Diltiazem for Chemical Sphincterotomy of Chronic Anal Fissure: A... Background Anal fissure is a common anorectal problem causing severe pain and discomfort to the patients. Chemical sphincterotomy has emerged as a noninvasive alternative to the surgical methods of fissure treatment. The objective of this study was evaluation of the efficacy and the adverse effects of topically applied minoxidil in chemical sphincterotomy of chronic anal fissure in comparison with topical diltiazem. Methods A total of 88 patients with chronic anal fissure aged between 15 and 65 years were included in this double- blind, randomized clinical trial and were randomly assigned to either 0.5% minoxidil cream or 2% diltiazem cream twice daily for 2 weeks. The pain intensity, bleeding, wound healing, itching, headache, dizziness, significant drop in blood pressure, allergy and fissure relapse were assessed on a monthly basis for 2 months. Results Both diltiazem and minoxidil reduced the pain, bleeding and improved fissure healing with no significant difference. There were no between-groups differences in the frequencies of adverse effects, except for itching which was slightly higher with minoxidil during the first month. Allergy occurred in two patients in the minoxidil group, which was not severe and did not lead to discontinuation of the trial. Conclusion Topically administered minoxidil is http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png World Journal of Surgery Springer Journals

Topical Minoxidil Versus Topical Diltiazem for Chemical Sphincterotomy of Chronic Anal Fissure: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Clinical Trial

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Société Internationale de Chirurgie
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Surgery; Abdominal Surgery; Cardiac Surgery; General Surgery; Thoracic Surgery; Vascular Surgery
ISSN
0364-2313
eISSN
1432-2323
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00268-017-4449-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background Anal fissure is a common anorectal problem causing severe pain and discomfort to the patients. Chemical sphincterotomy has emerged as a noninvasive alternative to the surgical methods of fissure treatment. The objective of this study was evaluation of the efficacy and the adverse effects of topically applied minoxidil in chemical sphincterotomy of chronic anal fissure in comparison with topical diltiazem. Methods A total of 88 patients with chronic anal fissure aged between 15 and 65 years were included in this double- blind, randomized clinical trial and were randomly assigned to either 0.5% minoxidil cream or 2% diltiazem cream twice daily for 2 weeks. The pain intensity, bleeding, wound healing, itching, headache, dizziness, significant drop in blood pressure, allergy and fissure relapse were assessed on a monthly basis for 2 months. Results Both diltiazem and minoxidil reduced the pain, bleeding and improved fissure healing with no significant difference. There were no between-groups differences in the frequencies of adverse effects, except for itching which was slightly higher with minoxidil during the first month. Allergy occurred in two patients in the minoxidil group, which was not severe and did not lead to discontinuation of the trial. Conclusion Topically administered minoxidil is

Journal

World Journal of SurgerySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 31, 2017

References

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