Tomographic-PIV was used to measure the boundary layer transition forced by a zigzag trip. The resulting instantaneous three-dimensional velocity distributions are used to quantitatively visualize the flow structures. They reveal undulating spanwise vortices directly behind the trip, which break up into individual arches and then develop into the hairpin-like structures typical of wall-bounded turbulence. Compared to the instantaneous flow structure, the structure of the average velocity field is very different showing streamwise vortices. Such streamwise vortices are often associated with the low-speed streaks occurring in bypass transition flows, but in this case clearly are an artifact of the averaging. Rather, the present streaks in the separated flow region directly behind the trip are resulting from the waviness in the spanwise vortices as introduced by the zigzag trip. Furthermore, these streaks and the separated flow region are observed to be related to a large-scale, spanwise uniform unsteadiness in the flow that contributes significantly to the velocity fluctuations over large downstream distances (up to at least the edge of the present measurement domain).
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 8, 2011
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