Toll-like receptor 3 inhibits Newcastle disease virus replication through activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the type-1 interferon pathway

Toll-like receptor 3 inhibits Newcastle disease virus replication through activation of... Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an avian paramyxovirus that can selectively replicate in and destroy human tumor cells. In this report, we demonstrate that NDV infection in HeLa cells leads to the activation of the pattern recognition Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3). Overexpression of TLR3 enhanced the activity of the IFN-β promoter and the transcription factor NF-kappa B (NF-κB), thereby decreasing viral protein synthesis and the virus titer. In addition, the reduction of endogenous TLR3 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased NDV replication. Similar anti-NDV effects were observed in DF-1 chicken fibroblast cells with the exogenous expression of chicken TLR3 (cTLR3). Immunofluorescence staining of HeLa cells indicated that the dsRNA generated during NDV replication colocalized with TLR3 in punctate subcellular structures. Altogether, our results strongly suggest that TLR3 actively participates in the recognition of the innate pro-inflammatory response after NDV infection and leads to the consequent antiviral cytokine/interferon secretion. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Toll-like receptor 3 inhibits Newcastle disease virus replication through activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the type-1 interferon pathway

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-014-2148-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an avian paramyxovirus that can selectively replicate in and destroy human tumor cells. In this report, we demonstrate that NDV infection in HeLa cells leads to the activation of the pattern recognition Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3). Overexpression of TLR3 enhanced the activity of the IFN-β promoter and the transcription factor NF-kappa B (NF-κB), thereby decreasing viral protein synthesis and the virus titer. In addition, the reduction of endogenous TLR3 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased NDV replication. Similar anti-NDV effects were observed in DF-1 chicken fibroblast cells with the exogenous expression of chicken TLR3 (cTLR3). Immunofluorescence staining of HeLa cells indicated that the dsRNA generated during NDV replication colocalized with TLR3 in punctate subcellular structures. Altogether, our results strongly suggest that TLR3 actively participates in the recognition of the innate pro-inflammatory response after NDV infection and leads to the consequent antiviral cytokine/interferon secretion.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 2014

References

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