Tolerance to salinity changes and resistance to desiccation, fresh water, and freezing were studied in two hydrobiid species from the White Sea, Hydrobia ulvae(Pennant) and H. ventrosaMontagu. It was shown that H. ventrosahas a greater tolerance to low salinities in the range of 6–10‰ but is less tolerant to high salinities (35–45‰). The interspecies differences in low salinity tolerance persisted after the acclimation of snails to 20, 16, and 12‰. A comparison of survival in fresh water and under desiccation conditions suggests that H. ulvaeis more resistant to these factors. In fresh water, LT50was 30 and 60 days for H. ventrosaand H. ulvae, respectively. Under desiccation conditions, LT50was 6 and 25 days for H. ventrosaand H. ulvae, respectively. At subzero temperatures, H. ventrosawas shown to be a superior survivor. Within the same species of mud snail, the detrimental effect of freezing depended on the salinity: survival decreased with decreasing salinity. These data suggest significant differences in the mechanisms of resistance and tolerance to abiotic environmental factors between the two species. Despite the partial overlapping of their ecological niches, the interspecies differences may play an important role in the distribution and spatial structure dynamics of coexisting populations of these species in the White Sea region.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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