Toehold-enhanced LNA probes for selective pull down and single-molecule analysis of native chromatin

Toehold-enhanced LNA probes for selective pull down and single-molecule analysis of native chromatin The organization of DNA into chromatin is thought to regulate gene expression in eukaryotes. To study its structure in vitro, there is a need for techniques that can isolate specific chromosomal loci of natively assembled chromatin. Current purification methods often involve chemical cross-linking to preserve the chromatin composition. However, such cross-linking may affect the native structure. It also impedes single molecule force spectroscopy experiments, which have been instrumental to probe chromatin folding. Here we present a method for the incorporation of affinity tags, such as biotin, into native nucleoprotein fragments based on their DNA sequence, and subsequent single molecule analysis by magnetic tweezers. DNA oligos with several Locked Nucleic Acid (LNA) nucleotides are shown to selectively bind to target DNA at room temperature, mediated by a toehold end in the target, allowing for selective purification of DNA fragments. The stability of the probe-target hybrid is sufficient to withstand over 65 pN of force. We employ these probes to obtain force-extension curves of native chromatin fragments of the 18S ribosomal DNA from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. These experiments yield valuable insights in the heterogeneity in structure and composition of natively assembled chromatin at the single-molecule level. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Scientific Reports Springer Journals

Toehold-enhanced LNA probes for selective pull down and single-molecule analysis of native chromatin

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Publisher
Nature Publishing Group UK
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, multidisciplinary
eISSN
2045-2322
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41598-017-16864-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The organization of DNA into chromatin is thought to regulate gene expression in eukaryotes. To study its structure in vitro, there is a need for techniques that can isolate specific chromosomal loci of natively assembled chromatin. Current purification methods often involve chemical cross-linking to preserve the chromatin composition. However, such cross-linking may affect the native structure. It also impedes single molecule force spectroscopy experiments, which have been instrumental to probe chromatin folding. Here we present a method for the incorporation of affinity tags, such as biotin, into native nucleoprotein fragments based on their DNA sequence, and subsequent single molecule analysis by magnetic tweezers. DNA oligos with several Locked Nucleic Acid (LNA) nucleotides are shown to selectively bind to target DNA at room temperature, mediated by a toehold end in the target, allowing for selective purification of DNA fragments. The stability of the probe-target hybrid is sufficient to withstand over 65 pN of force. We employ these probes to obtain force-extension curves of native chromatin fragments of the 18S ribosomal DNA from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. These experiments yield valuable insights in the heterogeneity in structure and composition of natively assembled chromatin at the single-molecule level.

Journal

Scientific ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2017

References

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