Russian Journal of Developmental Biology, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2003, p. 267. Translated from Ontogenez, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2003, p. 320. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by Vassetzky, Zbarsky, Korochkin. JUBILEES thesis on this topic, he was invited by academician V.A. Engelhardt to the Institute of Molecular Biology to lead the laboratory, where the scientiﬁc school was formed under his guidance. This school comprises leading scientists, such as Yu.A. Il’in, now member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, A.P. Ryskov and S.V. Razin, now corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, E. Lukanidin, the head of a lab- oratory in Denmark, A. Varshavsky, recently elected to the National Academy of the USA, N.A. Churikov, and others. Big discoveries in the ﬁelds of molecular biology and genetics were made under the guidance of Geor- giev. Note, above all, molecular-genetic evidence of the presence of mobile genetic elements in the genome of eukaryotes and investigation of their role in the realiza- tion of genetic processes. It turned out that these ele- ments are inseparable components of the genome and provide for its variability and plasticity. The complex organization of the primary RNA transcript was shown in his laboratory and based on these data, Georgiev for- mulated the hypothesis on structure of the regulatory sequences of the genome, which was later conﬁrmed experimentally. Georgiev and his students made a sig- niﬁcant contribution to studies of the domain organiza- tion of DNA and, recently, to understanding of molec- ular-genetic bases of carcinogenesis, which promise possible applications in practical medicine. Georgiev was awarded state prizes and governmen- On February 4, 2003, academician Georgii Pavlov- tal orders for these discoveries. ich Georgiev was 70 years old. He is one of the founders of the journal Ontogenez (Russian Journal of In addition, Georgiev is an outstanding manager of Developmental Biology) and was a member of the Edi- science. He organized a new institute, Institute of Gene torial Board of this journal for many years. He is one of Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, which soon the founders and classics of molecular biology in Rus- became a leading research center in Russia. For many sia and is the author of outstanding pioneering studies years, Georgiev is the Editor-in-Chief of Genetika in this area. When in the Laboratory of Biochemistry, (Russian Journal of Genetics), member of editorial Institute of Animal Morphology of the Russian Acad- boards of many Russian and international journals. He emy of Sciences (now Institute of Developmental Biol- was elected to the European Academy, Academies of ogy of the Russian Academy of Sciences), headed by Sciences of Spain and Norway, and Academia I.B. Zbarsky, he made a great contribution to investiga- Leopoldina. tion of the nuclear matrix, a most important structure of We wish Georgii Pavlovich many years of life cell nucleus related to speciﬁc features of realization of ahead, good health, and further successes in his mani- the hereditary information. When studying RNA of the fold activities. cell nucleus, he was the ﬁrst to divide it in two frac- tions: GC-rich and AT-rich, and demonstrated the active synthesis of the latter, thus forerunning the discovery of template RNA. After Georgiev defended his doctoral S. G. Vassetzky, I. B. Zbarsky, L. I. Korochkin 1062-3604/03/3404-0267$25.00 © 2003 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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