ISSN 1022-7954, Russian Journal of Genetics, 2008, Vol. 44, No. 10, pp. 1127–1133. © Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2008.
Original Russian Text © E.A. Keshman, 2008, published in Genetika, 2008, Vol. 44, No. 10, pp. 1301–1308.
Prof. Vladimir Pavlovich Efroimson was among the
most prominent geneticists of Russia, a student of
N.K. Kol’tsov, one of the pleiad of the “ﬁrst levy genet-
icists”, who carried on their backs the heavy burden of
struggle with persecution of genetics in this country.
Efroimson discovered the formula for mutation fre-
quency in human genes (1932). He was a most promi-
nent expert in genetics and breeding of silkworm,
which was the topic of his Candidate and Doctor of Sci-
ence dissertations (1941 and 1947, respectively).
Efroimson was the author of the ﬁrst Russian mono-
graph on human genetics,
Introduction to Medical
(1964), the book that was the ﬁrst step in the
revival of human genetics in the Soviet Union. Efroim-
son was a veteran of the Second World War, who was
on ﬁeld service since 1941 to 1945 and was awarded
war decorations. Efroimson was twice persecuted, in
1932 and 1949, spent 10 years in Stalin’s camps, and
for almost a quarter century was divested of science. He
is the author of three monographs and over 100 scien-
tiﬁc papers and editor of numerous books on various
genetic issues. He found his place in the history of our
science not only as an outstanding researcher, but also
as an unblinking ﬁghter for the truth, uncompromising
enemy of antiscientiﬁc trends in biology, fervent advo-
cate of genetics, and a moral standard of a true scientist.
Vladimir Pavlovich Efroimson was born in Moscow
on November 21, 1908. He was an exclusively gifted
person, had a phenomenal memory, read in all Euro-
To the 100
Anniversary of Vladimir Pavlovich Efroimson
“I am to be of use to people rather
than use them.”
V. P. Efroimson
Vladimir Pavlovich Efroimson (1908–1989)