Russian Journal of Developmental Biology, Vol. 34, No. 6, 2003, p. 402. Translated from Ontogenez, Vol. 34, No. 6, 2003, p. 478. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by Ivanov. BOOK REVIEW To Clone or Not to Clone—That Is the Question A Review of the Book “Cloning,” A. McLaren, Ed., Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2002 (Ethical Eye Series) The ﬁrst publication about the now dead sheep The general high level of the book is accounted for Dolly cloned at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh using by the fact that the authors of the essays are well known the nucleus of an epithelial cell of the udder from an specialists, actively involved in research on various adult donor sheep (Wilmut, I., et al., Viable Offspring aspects of cloning of mammals, including humans, and Derived from Foetal and Adult Mammalian Cells, their work was coordinated by the outstanding experi- Nature, 1997, vol. 385, pp. 810–813) became the mental embryologist and geneticist Ann McLaren. By worldwide sensation both in the scientiﬁc circles and the way, the periphrasis of the Hamlet’s dictum, I put as mass media. a title of this review, belongs to Ann McLaren. The book is opened by the coordinator’s introduc- The scientiﬁc press began (and still continues) all- tion in the problem. Thereafter, the main aspects of round discussion of this, ﬁrst in the history, successful cloning are successively discussed: what is cloning, experiment on production in utero of a viable animal history of cloning, cloning of Dolly, reproductive clon- from an enucleated cells with incorporated nucleus of ing of humans and its moral aspect, ethical, religious, an adult somatic cell. Indeed, this is an epoch-making and legal estimates of the cloning of animals and scientiﬁc and technological achievement. humans, position of the Council of Europe, trends to Mass media paid the greatest attention to the “epat- overall prohibition of cloning of humans. The conclu- age” side of this story: what if one starts to clone and sion was again written by the coordinator. replicate people, like the “wooden army” of Urﬁn Juice In order to facilitate the understanding of texts from the “Magician of the Emerald City” or recreate the replete with special terminology, the book has many dead people from the conserved genetic material: chil- footnotes in marginalia side by side with the main text dren, parents, other relatives, Nobel Prize winners, out- and three detailed appendices at the end. standing ﬁgures, leaders, etc. During careful reading of all texts, I have never felt Governments, national and international organiza- called upon to reproach any author in imprecision or tions, including the religious ones, broadcasting, TV, tendentiousness. On the contrary all authors, very Internet, etc. became involved in the discussion of the knowledgeable in the problem of cloning and adjacent problem of cloning humans. This steep wave of mass problems, were perfectly objective and, no less impor- boom does not decline even now. Therefore the publi- tant, clear, although they could be buried in specialized cation of the book by the Council of Europe dedicated and hardly understandable debris of philosophical, reli- to the complex discussion of the problem of cloning in gious, medical, and other verbal constructions, that its main aspects: biological, medical, ethical, and mystify, rather than clarify the problem. social, should be considered as expedient and actual. (As an edition of the Council of Europe, the book was issued in two versions: in English and in French.) V. I. Ivanov 1062-3604/03/3406-0402$25.00 © 2003 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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