The 6645-bp mercury resistance transposon of the chemolithotrophic bacterium Thiobacillus ferrooxidanswas cloned and sequenced. This transposon, named Tn5037, belongs to the Tn21branch of the Tn21subgroup, many members of which have been isolated from clinical sources. Having the minimum set of the genes (merRTPA), the mercury resistance operon of Tn5037is organized similarly to most of the Gram-negative bacteria meroperons and is closest to that of ThiobacillusT3.2. The operator-promoter region of the meroperon of Tn5037also has the common (Tn21/Tn501-like) structure. However, its inverted, presumably MerR protein binding repeats in the operator/promoter element are two base pairs shorter than in Tn21/Tn501. In the merA region, this transposon shares 77.4, 79.1, 83.2 and 87.8% identical bases with Tn21, Tn501, T. ferrooxidansE-15, and ThiobacillusT3.2, respectively. No inducibility of the Tn5037 meroperon was detected in the in vivo experiments. The transposition system (terminal repeats plus gene tnpA) of Tn5037was inactive in Escherichia coliK12, in contrast to its resolution system (ressite plus gene tnpR). However, transposition of Tn5037in this host was provided by the tnpAgene of Tn5036, a member of the Tn21subgroup. Sequence analysis of the Tn5037 ressite suggested its recombinant nature.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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