TLR2 signals via NF-κB to drive IL-15 production in salivary gland epithelial cells derived from patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome

TLR2 signals via NF-κB to drive IL-15 production in salivary gland epithelial cells derived from... Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors linking innate and adaptive immune responses, which resulted overexpressed in primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS). Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine which was recently demonstrated to be involved in pSS pathogenesis. The study was undertaken to clarify whether TLR2 is involved in the production of IL-15 in human salivary gland epithelial cells (SGEC) from pSS patients. SGEC primary cell cultures were established from pSS minor salivary gland tissues explanted from patients with a sure diagnosis of SS. After neutralization of TLR2 with a blocking monoclonal antibody, IL-15 production was assayed by immunoblotting and flow cytometry, IL-15 in the culture supernatants was measured by ELISA, and mRNA levels were assessed by RT-PCR and real-time PCR. The production of IL-15 by pSS SGEC decreased in culture supernatants and in protein lysates (p < 0.01) when TLR2 signaling was inhibited in pSS SGEC. In addition, a control at the transcriptional level was also detected; in fact, inhibition of nuclear factor (NF)-κB through the transfection of pSS SGEC with the dominant-negative inhibitory κBα proteins (IκBα) vector (IκBαDN) abrogated the stimulatory effect of TLR2 on IL-15 production. These data suggest that TLR2 activation is involved in the induction of IL-15 production by pSS SGEC and promotes inflammation through NF-κB activation. Therefore, therapeutic strategies that target TLR2/IL-15 pathway might be strong candidates for preventing or treating pSS. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clinical and Experimental Medicine Springer Journals

TLR2 signals via NF-κB to drive IL-15 production in salivary gland epithelial cells derived from patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/tlr2-signals-via-nf-b-to-drive-il-15-production-in-salivary-gland-7URrlrFmvq
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer International Publishing Switzerland
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Internal Medicine; Hematology; Oncology
ISSN
1591-8890
eISSN
1591-9528
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10238-016-0429-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors linking innate and adaptive immune responses, which resulted overexpressed in primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS). Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine which was recently demonstrated to be involved in pSS pathogenesis. The study was undertaken to clarify whether TLR2 is involved in the production of IL-15 in human salivary gland epithelial cells (SGEC) from pSS patients. SGEC primary cell cultures were established from pSS minor salivary gland tissues explanted from patients with a sure diagnosis of SS. After neutralization of TLR2 with a blocking monoclonal antibody, IL-15 production was assayed by immunoblotting and flow cytometry, IL-15 in the culture supernatants was measured by ELISA, and mRNA levels were assessed by RT-PCR and real-time PCR. The production of IL-15 by pSS SGEC decreased in culture supernatants and in protein lysates (p < 0.01) when TLR2 signaling was inhibited in pSS SGEC. In addition, a control at the transcriptional level was also detected; in fact, inhibition of nuclear factor (NF)-κB through the transfection of pSS SGEC with the dominant-negative inhibitory κBα proteins (IκBα) vector (IκBαDN) abrogated the stimulatory effect of TLR2 on IL-15 production. These data suggest that TLR2 activation is involved in the induction of IL-15 production by pSS SGEC and promotes inflammation through NF-κB activation. Therefore, therapeutic strategies that target TLR2/IL-15 pathway might be strong candidates for preventing or treating pSS.

Journal

Clinical and Experimental MedicineSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 3, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off