Tip gap height effects on the flow structure over a cavity squealer tip have been investigated in a linear turbine cascade for power generation, in comparison with the corresponding plane tip results. Oil film flow visualizations are conducted on the tip surface and casing wall for tip gap height-to-chord ratios of h/c = 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0%. The squealer tip has a recessed cavity enclosed by a full length squealer with its rim height-to-chord ratio of 5.51%. The results show that most of in-coming fluid entering the tip gap inlet for the cavity squealer tip is entrapped by the suction-side squealer rim, and the cavity fluid is discharged into the blade flow passage over the suction-side squealer rim in the region from the mid-chord to the trailing edge. Regardless of h/c, the cavity squealer tip makes the leakage flow zone narrower than the plane tip, and is superior to the plane tip in reducing the tip leakage mass flow rate. A qualitative flow model describing full flow features over the cavity squealer tip is suggested. In this flow model, the tip gap exit area is classified into four different regions, and the tip gap height effects on the discharge characteristics in each region are discussed in detail.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 9, 2010
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