TiO2/polypyrrole nanocomposites photoactive under visible light synthesized by heterophase polymerization in the presence of different surfactants

TiO2/polypyrrole nanocomposites photoactive under visible light synthesized by heterophase... TiO2/polypyrrole nanocomposites were synthesized by batch (B) and semi-batch (SB) heterophase polymerization of pyrrole onto TiO2 nanoparticles. Sodium bis-2-ethylhexyl sulfosuccinate (AOT), hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were used as surfactants while ammonium persulfate served as oxidizing agent. The resulting nanocomposites were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, UV/Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry. TiO2/polypyrrole nanoparticles were tested as photocatalysts under visible light in the degradation of methylene blue. Nanocomposites with conductivities between 4.85 × 10−7 and 1.88 × 10−2 S/cm were obtained. It was concluded that the polymerization mode and the surfactant type, used as a stabilizing agent, have a strong effect on the photocatalytic activity of the materials. The best results were obtained when SDS was used and polymerization carried out in SB mode. Percentage of photodegradation under visible light after 15 min was as follows: TiO2 1.7 %, CTAB-SB 25.5 %, SDS-B 39.6 %, CTAB-B 57.5 %, AOT-SB 69.4 %, AOT-B 80.1 %, and SDS-SB 94.1 %; while under UV light irradiation after 60 min the percentages were: SDS-B 64 %, CTAB-SB 67 %, CTAB-B 69 %, TiO2 71 %, AOT-SB 88.2 %, AOT-B 95.0 %, and SDS-SB 96.5 %. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

TiO2/polypyrrole nanocomposites photoactive under visible light synthesized by heterophase polymerization in the presence of different surfactants

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-014-1886-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

TiO2/polypyrrole nanocomposites were synthesized by batch (B) and semi-batch (SB) heterophase polymerization of pyrrole onto TiO2 nanoparticles. Sodium bis-2-ethylhexyl sulfosuccinate (AOT), hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were used as surfactants while ammonium persulfate served as oxidizing agent. The resulting nanocomposites were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, UV/Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry. TiO2/polypyrrole nanoparticles were tested as photocatalysts under visible light in the degradation of methylene blue. Nanocomposites with conductivities between 4.85 × 10−7 and 1.88 × 10−2 S/cm were obtained. It was concluded that the polymerization mode and the surfactant type, used as a stabilizing agent, have a strong effect on the photocatalytic activity of the materials. The best results were obtained when SDS was used and polymerization carried out in SB mode. Percentage of photodegradation under visible light after 15 min was as follows: TiO2 1.7 %, CTAB-SB 25.5 %, SDS-B 39.6 %, CTAB-B 57.5 %, AOT-SB 69.4 %, AOT-B 80.1 %, and SDS-SB 94.1 %; while under UV light irradiation after 60 min the percentages were: SDS-B 64 %, CTAB-SB 67 %, CTAB-B 69 %, TiO2 71 %, AOT-SB 88.2 %, AOT-B 95.0 %, and SDS-SB 96.5 %.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 12, 2014

References

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