Time-Varying Effects of Housing and Stock Returns on U.S. Consumption

Time-Varying Effects of Housing and Stock Returns on U.S. Consumption This paper applies a time-varying parameter vector autoregressive approach to estimate the relative effects of housing and stock returns on the growth rate of US consumption over time. We use annual data from 1890 to 2012 and find that at the 1- and 2-year horizons and over time, generally the housing return positively affects consumption growth while the stock return negatively affects it. For the 3- to 6-year horizons, the two return shocks generally exert a negative, but small, effect on consumption growth. These opposite responses to changes in housing and stock returns suggest different mechanisms through which wealth affects consumption. Further, the housing return effect generally increases after 1980. The sub-period from 1980 to 2012 includes the 1997/2002 asset price boom/bust where house prices continued to rise moderately as stock prices fell. These findings suggest that the magnitude of the relative return effects differs with both time and horizons and also depends on whether prices increase or decrease. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics Springer Journals

Time-Varying Effects of Housing and Stock Returns on U.S. Consumption

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Economics / Management Science; Regional/Spatial Science; Finance/Investment/Banking
ISSN
0895-5638
eISSN
1573-045X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11146-014-9470-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper applies a time-varying parameter vector autoregressive approach to estimate the relative effects of housing and stock returns on the growth rate of US consumption over time. We use annual data from 1890 to 2012 and find that at the 1- and 2-year horizons and over time, generally the housing return positively affects consumption growth while the stock return negatively affects it. For the 3- to 6-year horizons, the two return shocks generally exert a negative, but small, effect on consumption growth. These opposite responses to changes in housing and stock returns suggest different mechanisms through which wealth affects consumption. Further, the housing return effect generally increases after 1980. The sub-period from 1980 to 2012 includes the 1997/2002 asset price boom/bust where house prices continued to rise moderately as stock prices fell. These findings suggest that the magnitude of the relative return effects differs with both time and horizons and also depends on whether prices increase or decrease.

Journal

The Journal of Real Estate Finance and EconomicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 3, 2014

References

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