Time-Varying Betas of US REITs from 1972 to 2013

Time-Varying Betas of US REITs from 1972 to 2013 This study estimates the time-varying REIT betas with a structural time series model using monthly REIT return data for the periods from 1972 to 2013. Based on the FTSE-NAREIT return indices for the equity REIT (EREIT) and mortgage REIT (MREIT), we found corroborative evidence of the temporal declines in the betas of the two REITs up to 1999. The time-varying beta characteristics of the two REIT betas are fundamentally different in the 2000s. While the MREIT betas continued to decline, the EREIT betas showed a sharp reversal of the downward trend. Coinciding with the low interest regime in the US, EREITs used more external debt to fund new acquisitions and development activities, and as a result, the EREIT betas increased sharply in 2000s. The EREIT betas hit the peak in 2009; and declined thereafter when active deleveraging occurred in the market. Using firm level data, we construct two leverage-sorted EREIT portfolios, and our empirical results do not reject the leverage effects on time-varying EREIT betas. However, we find that the leverage effect is not triggered by the declines in stock prices as proposed in the finance literature. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics Springer Journals

Time-Varying Betas of US REITs from 1972 to 2013

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Economics; Regional/Spatial Science; Financial Services
ISSN
0895-5638
eISSN
1573-045X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11146-015-9502-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study estimates the time-varying REIT betas with a structural time series model using monthly REIT return data for the periods from 1972 to 2013. Based on the FTSE-NAREIT return indices for the equity REIT (EREIT) and mortgage REIT (MREIT), we found corroborative evidence of the temporal declines in the betas of the two REITs up to 1999. The time-varying beta characteristics of the two REIT betas are fundamentally different in the 2000s. While the MREIT betas continued to decline, the EREIT betas showed a sharp reversal of the downward trend. Coinciding with the low interest regime in the US, EREITs used more external debt to fund new acquisitions and development activities, and as a result, the EREIT betas increased sharply in 2000s. The EREIT betas hit the peak in 2009; and declined thereafter when active deleveraging occurred in the market. Using firm level data, we construct two leverage-sorted EREIT portfolios, and our empirical results do not reject the leverage effects on time-varying EREIT betas. However, we find that the leverage effect is not triggered by the declines in stock prices as proposed in the finance literature.

Journal

The Journal of Real Estate Finance and EconomicsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 29, 2015

References

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