The Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority-Plasma focus (EAEA-PF2) has been upgraded to a 5 kJ plasma focus device. Its characteristics have been investigated at various pressures and different voltages in a 5 kJ Mather-type plasma focus device for Ar gas. Its time-to-pinch has been measured, simulated and analyzed at different operating conditions. It is observed from the results that, the time-to-pinch decreased when either the charging voltage increased or the gas pressure decreased. In addition, the time-to-pinch is estimated theoretically using Lee model RADPF5.15. A comparison between the experimental and theoretical time-to-pinch is discussed. Also, the drive factor of plasma focus is analyzed at different pressures and charging voltages. It is noticed that, the mass and current factors are affected by changing the pressure and voltage. Finally, it is observed that, the drive factor is proportional inversely to the pressure and directly to the charging voltage.
Journal of Fusion Energy – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 2017
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