J Gambl Stud https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-018-9780-0 ORIGINAL PAPER Time Perspectives and Gambling in Adolescent Boys: Differential Effects of Present‑ and Future‑Orientation 1 1 2 1 Maria Anna Donati · Elena Sottili · Kinga Morsanyi · Caterina Primi © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Adolescent boys are characterised by increased risk-taking behavior, including a relatively high propensity to develop problem gambling habits. The association between gambling and sensitivity to immediately available rewards is well-established, suggest- ing that gamblers are less influenced by potential future consequences than non-gamblers. Nevertheless, existing studies have considered present- and future-orientation as two ends of the same continuum, and have not investigated the possibility that present and future perspectives might make independent contributions to gambling behavior. In the current study, we adopted Zimbardo’s multidimensional approach, which discriminates between not only present and future perspectives, but also between a hedonistic and fatalistic pre- sent-orientation (in addition to positive and negative orientations towards the past). The participants were 223 male adolescents (mean age = 16.7 years). We investigated the effects of time perspectives on gambling frequency and gambling problem severity, after taking into account the effects of age, sensation seeking, and gambling-related cognitive distor - tions. Gambling frequency was significantly predicted by the present fatalistic
Journal of Gambling Studies – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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