Russian Journal of Developmental Biology, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2004, p. 123. Translated from Ontogenez, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2004, pp. 159–160. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2004 by the Editorial Board. LOSSES OF SCIENCE Academy of Sciences. The entire further more than semicentennial scientiﬁc activity of T.M. Turpaev is connected with this laboratory, which became a part of the Institute of Developmental Biology in 1967. In this Institute, in addition to being the head of laboratory and Physiology Department, he was ﬁrst deputy director and then, for many years, the director. T.M. Turpaev did quite a lot for development of the Institute as a leading center in this area of research. Due to his efforts, the new building of the Institute was con- structed, new departments and laboratories were orga- nized, and the Kropotovo Biological Station was signif- icantly enlarged. On his initiative, the Institute was named for the outstanding biologist N.K. Kol’tsov and the Kropotovo Biological Station was named for acade- mician B.L. Astaurov. T.M. Turpaev made an outstanding contribution to investigation of the neural and humoral regulation of cell functions. In the end 1940s, he was the ﬁrst to show that the cell membrane receptors ensuring cell sensitiv- ity to cholinergic transmitters had protein nature. Stud- ies of receptor proteins became one of the most fruitful and active directions of contemporary physiology. T.M. Turpaev is one of the founders of this area of research in our country. He made a sizable contribution to the investigation of the role of transmitters in ontoge- nesis. In the Physiology Department headed by T.M. Turpaev, the transmitters of nervous pulses were ﬁrst shown to play an important role in regulatory pro- cesses of early embryogenesis and realization of prim- itive behavioral reactions and a previously unknown mechanism of the regulation of synapse activity was Tigran Mel’kumovich Turpaev, an outstanding sci- discovered which acts according to the feedback princi- entist, member of the Russian Academy and several ple. The patterns of most important physiological pro- foreign academies, passed away on October 26, 2003 at cesses discovered by T.M. Turpaev and his followers the age of 85 years. are widely used in many areas of contemporary biology and medicine. T.M. Turpaev went along the distinguished way of For many years, T.M. Turpaev was assistant secretary scientist and citizen. He was honest-to-goodness and of the Division of Physiology, Russian Academy of Sci- was characterized by ﬁdelity to principles, devotion to ences and counselor of the Russian Academy of Sciences. duty, and patriotism. In 1941, within a few days after grad- He was a member of the Redaction-Publication Council, uation from the Biological Faculty of the Moscow State Committee for Lenin and State Awards, and Attestation University, he was called up for active service and during Commission of Russian federation, as well as a member the World War II was in ﬁeld service in the intelligence of several scientiﬁc councils and journal editorial boards. battalion of the 1st Guard Tank Army. He took part in the His activity was noted by many government awards. ﬁght for Moscow, fought with the 1st Ukrainian and 1st Byelorussian fronts, and came up to Berlin. For his cour- The cherished memory of Tigran M. Turpaev, out- age and heroism he was awarded many war decorations. standing scientist, talented organizer of science, benev- olent and wise man, will always be in the hearts of his After the end of the war and demobilization, colleagues at the Institute, pupils and friends. T.M. Turpaev entered the postgraduate school at Labo- ratory of General and Comparative Physiology, Severtsov Institute of Animal Morphology, USSR Colleagues and pupils 1062-3604/04/3502-0123 © 2004 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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