Effect of thyroidectomy (Tx) and subsequent treatment with 3,5,3′-triiodo-l-thyronine (T3) or replacement therapy (TR) with T3 + l-thyroxine (T4) on the temperature kinetics properties of FoF1 adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase, ATP synthase, H+-translocating ATP synthase EC 126.96.36.199) and succinate oxidase (SO) and on the lipid/phospholipid makeup of rat kidney mitochondria were examined. Tx lowered ATPase activity, which T3 treatment restored. SO activity was unchanged in Tx but decreased further by T3 treatment. TR restored both activities. The energies of ATPase activation in the high and low temperature ranges (E H and E L) increased in the Tx and T3 animals with decrease in phase transition temperature (Tt). TR restored E H and E L but not Tt to euthyroid levels. E H and E L of SO decreased in Tx animals. T3 and TR restored E H whereas E L was restored only in the TR group; Tt increased in both groups. Total phospholipid and cholesterol contents decreased significantly in Tx and T3-treated animals. In Tx animals, sphingomyelin (SPM) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) components decreased, while phosphatidylserine (PS) and diphosphatidylglycerol components increased. T3 and TR treatments caused decreases in SPM, phosphatidylinositol and PS. PC and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) increased in the T3 group. TR resulted in increased lysophospolipids and PE. Changes in kinetic parameters of the two enzymes were differently correlated with specific phospholipid components. Both T3 and TR regimens were unable to restore normal membrane structure-function relationships.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 14, 2007
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