The activities of enzymes involved in the consecutive phosphorylation of thymidine were revealed in the gonad extracts of marine invertebrates. Along with thymidine kinase activity, thymidilate kinase activity was revealed in all the studied species; however, the specific activities of nucleoside and nucleotide kinases varied in different species of mollusks, sea stars and sea urchins. Thymidine and thymidilate kinases were isolated from the gonads of the scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis and some of their enzymat properties were studied. The thymidine kinase of M. yessoensis catalyzed the phosphorylation of thymidine and deoxycytidine at a lesser rate, but didn’s use purine ribo-and deoxyribonucleosides or pyrimidine ribonucleosides as phosphate acceptors. The thymidilate kinase carried out both TMP and dCMP phosphorylation. As well as ATP, the enzymes of M. yessoensis were also able to use dATP, dGTP, GTP, UTP and CTP as donors of phosphate groups. The thymidine kinase activity was inhibited by TMP, TTP and dCTP.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 16, 2007
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