This paper describes the three-dimensional flow structure in grooved channels with different cavity lengths at intermediate Reynolds numbers. For steady flow, the three-dimensional effects are dominant near the side walls of the channel. However, after the onset of self-sustained oscillatory flow due to Tollmien–Schlichting waves as the primary instability, a secondary instability produces a three-dimensional flow with Taylor–Geortler-like vortical structure, at the bottom of the groove. This trend becomes more significant as the cavity length increases. Furthermore, the reason for three-dimensional flow is discussed using additional numerical analysis, and it is confirmed that the source of three-dimensional instability is the groove vortices due to the presence of side walls, rather than the channel traveling wave.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 1, 2001
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