Stereo imaging methods are used to measure the positions of solid spherical particles suspended in a viscous liquid and enclosed in a transparent cubic cavity. The liquid and particle motions are driven at the top lid by a conveyor belt operated at constant speed. Based on sequences of stereo views of the full cavity, the particles are tracked continuously along their three-dimensional orbits. The corresponding position histories are treated as noisy stochastic data and processed using Kalman filters to fill data gaps and attenuate the effect of measurement errors. The lid-driven viscous flow is characterised by an intricate internal structure which is mirrored in the particle paths. The tracks of the solid particles align with long exposure images of laser-illuminated micro-particles in selected transverse planes. Nevertheless, their long time trajectories appear to cluster along preferential pathways of the internal circulation pattern.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 11, 2005
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