Rev Austrian Econ (2010) 23:103–105 DOI 10.1007/s11138-009-0098-0 Thoughts on Daniel Shapiro's “Is the welfare state justified?” Roger D. Congleton Published online: 31 October 2009 Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009 As is true of many books, the title suggests a topic that is a bit different from the one actually developed in the book. The welfare state is a productive state that provides services for people living in a polity. At the beginning of the modern era of political theory, Hobbes' suggested that the state should provide law and order in his Leviathan. To this, liberals of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries added infrastructure and education. To these duties of governments, late nineteenth-century radical liberals and social democrats added services, such as housing, poor relief, old age pensions, and medical care. These normative theories were in turn supported by electoral majorities in most of the Western world from the early twentieth century. In most cases, the programs enacted to provide these services include the word “insurance,” doubtless because this is how many voters think of such programs. A majority of voters evidently desire a welfare state that provides a safety net to protect them and their families
The Review of Austrian Economics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 31, 2009
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