Thermodynamic Optimization of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Ni Quaternary System: Part I, Binary Subsystems

Thermodynamic Optimization of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Ni Quaternary System: Part I, Binary Subsystems A comprehensive literature review and thermodynamic optimization of the phase diagrams and thermodynamic properties of the Ag–Bi, Ag–Cu, Ag–Ni, Bi–Cu, and Bi–Ni binary systems are presented. CALculation of PHAse Diagrams (CALPHAD)-type thermodynamic optimization was carried out to reproduce all available and reliable experimental phase equilibrium and thermodynamic data. The modified quasichemical model was used to model the liquid solution. The compound energy formalism was utilized to describe the Gibbs energies of all terminal solid solutions and intermetallic compounds. A self-consistent thermodynamic database for the Ag–Bi, Ag–Cu, Ag–Ni, Bi–Cu, and Bi–Ni binary subsystems of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Ni quaternary system was developed. This database can be used as a guide for research and development of lead-free solders. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Electronic Materials Springer Journals

Thermodynamic Optimization of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Ni Quaternary System: Part I, Binary Subsystems

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Subject
Materials Science; Optical and Electronic Materials; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation; Solid State Physics
ISSN
0361-5235
eISSN
1543-186X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11664-018-6293-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A comprehensive literature review and thermodynamic optimization of the phase diagrams and thermodynamic properties of the Ag–Bi, Ag–Cu, Ag–Ni, Bi–Cu, and Bi–Ni binary systems are presented. CALculation of PHAse Diagrams (CALPHAD)-type thermodynamic optimization was carried out to reproduce all available and reliable experimental phase equilibrium and thermodynamic data. The modified quasichemical model was used to model the liquid solution. The compound energy formalism was utilized to describe the Gibbs energies of all terminal solid solutions and intermetallic compounds. A self-consistent thermodynamic database for the Ag–Bi, Ag–Cu, Ag–Ni, Bi–Cu, and Bi–Ni binary subsystems of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Ni quaternary system was developed. This database can be used as a guide for research and development of lead-free solders.

Journal

Journal of Electronic MaterialsSpringer Journals

Published: May 1, 2018

References

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