Thermal, structural, alternating-current (AC) conductivity (σ AC), and dielectric properties of ethyl-2-amino-6-ethyl-5-oxo-4-(3-phenoxyphenyl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline-3-carboxylate (HPQC) thin films have been studied. Thermogravimetry analysis and differential scanning calorimetry confirmed the thermal stability of HPQC over a wide temperature range. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction analysis were carried out on HPQC in powder form and as-deposited thin film. The crystal system and space group type were determined for HPQC in powder form. The AC conductivity and dielectric properties were determined in the frequency range from 0.5 kHz to 5 MHz and temperature range from 296 K to 443 K. The AC electrical conduction of HPQC thin film was found to be governed by the small-polaron tunneling mechanism. The polaron hopping energy (W H), tunneling distance (R), and density of states (N) near the Fermi level were determined as functions of temperature and frequency. The dielectric properties of HPQC thin film were studied by analysis of Nyquist diagrams, the dissipation factor (tan δ), and real (ε′) and imaginary (ε″) parts of the dielectric constant.
Journal of Electronic Materials – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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