Thermal dehydration kinetics and characterization of synthesized potassium borates

Thermal dehydration kinetics and characterization of synthesized potassium borates In this study, potassium pentaborate (santite: KB5O8·4H2O), with a powder diffraction number of 01-072-1688 was synthesized from potassium carbonate (K2CO3), boric acid (H3BO3) and boron oxide (B2O3) with reaction efficiencies between 84.88 and 95.11 %, through a hydrothermal route. Reaction temperatures and times were varied between 60–90 °C and 15–120 min. Synthesized minerals were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopies, while surface morphologies were determined by scanning electron microscopy. Thermal dehydration behavior of santite was determined by thermal gravimetry and differential thermal analysis. From the results, santite lost its crystal water via a two-step process between 50 and 450 °C. Activation energies (E a) were calculated by using four non-isothermal kinetic methods and found to be 110.12 and 202.43 kJ/mol by the Coats–Redfern method, 107.77 and 304.18 kJ/mol by the Doyle method, 158.82 and 154.50 kJ/mol by the Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose method, and 158.07 and 156.76 kJ/mol by the Ozawa–Flynn–Wall method for the steps 1 and 2, respectively. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Thermal dehydration kinetics and characterization of synthesized potassium borates

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/thermal-dehydration-kinetics-and-characterization-of-synthesized-id23paNgD0
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-015-2326-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this study, potassium pentaborate (santite: KB5O8·4H2O), with a powder diffraction number of 01-072-1688 was synthesized from potassium carbonate (K2CO3), boric acid (H3BO3) and boron oxide (B2O3) with reaction efficiencies between 84.88 and 95.11 %, through a hydrothermal route. Reaction temperatures and times were varied between 60–90 °C and 15–120 min. Synthesized minerals were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopies, while surface morphologies were determined by scanning electron microscopy. Thermal dehydration behavior of santite was determined by thermal gravimetry and differential thermal analysis. From the results, santite lost its crystal water via a two-step process between 50 and 450 °C. Activation energies (E a) were calculated by using four non-isothermal kinetic methods and found to be 110.12 and 202.43 kJ/mol by the Coats–Redfern method, 107.77 and 304.18 kJ/mol by the Doyle method, 158.82 and 154.50 kJ/mol by the Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose method, and 158.07 and 156.76 kJ/mol by the Ozawa–Flynn–Wall method for the steps 1 and 2, respectively.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 29, 2015

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off