Therapeutic reduction of cell-mediated immunosuppression in mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome

Therapeutic reduction of cell-mediated immunosuppression in mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome Tumor progression is associated with progressive immunosuppression mediated in part by T regulatory cell(s) (Treg) and/or myeloid-derived suppressor cell(s) (MDSC). Development of strategies to reduce populations of immune cells with suppressive function in cancer patients may enable the induction or recovery of immunity against tumor cells, which may limit or reverse disease progression. With a goal of developing Treg and MDSC neutralizing strategies to treat mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SzS), we determined the association between disease stage and suppressor cell populations in patients with MF/SzS, including those responding to therapy. We found elevations in Treg populations, across Treg subtypes, in patients with SzS, and these Treg markedly suppressed proliferation of autologous CD4+CD25− responder T cells. Interestingly, while MDSC numbers were not increased in MF/SzS patients, MDSC from patients with stage IB and above produced significantly more reactive oxygen species than those from stage IA MF patients and control cohorts. Therapy with the CD25-targeting agent denileukin diftitox or IFN-α2b was associated with a reduction in Treg numbers or MDSC function, respectively. These studies identify potential mechanisms of action for these therapies and support the development of coordinated strategies targeting both Treg and MDSC activities in patients with MF/SzS. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy Springer Journals

Therapeutic reduction of cell-mediated immunosuppression in mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/therapeutic-reduction-of-cell-mediated-immunosuppression-in-mycosis-JoPDY65vn8
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Immunology; Cancer Research
ISSN
0340-7004
eISSN
1432-0851
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00262-017-2090-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Tumor progression is associated with progressive immunosuppression mediated in part by T regulatory cell(s) (Treg) and/or myeloid-derived suppressor cell(s) (MDSC). Development of strategies to reduce populations of immune cells with suppressive function in cancer patients may enable the induction or recovery of immunity against tumor cells, which may limit or reverse disease progression. With a goal of developing Treg and MDSC neutralizing strategies to treat mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SzS), we determined the association between disease stage and suppressor cell populations in patients with MF/SzS, including those responding to therapy. We found elevations in Treg populations, across Treg subtypes, in patients with SzS, and these Treg markedly suppressed proliferation of autologous CD4+CD25− responder T cells. Interestingly, while MDSC numbers were not increased in MF/SzS patients, MDSC from patients with stage IB and above produced significantly more reactive oxygen species than those from stage IA MF patients and control cohorts. Therapy with the CD25-targeting agent denileukin diftitox or IFN-α2b was associated with a reduction in Treg numbers or MDSC function, respectively. These studies identify potential mechanisms of action for these therapies and support the development of coordinated strategies targeting both Treg and MDSC activities in patients with MF/SzS.

Journal

Cancer Immunology, ImmunotherapySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 4, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off