Arterial hypertension represents the most important risk factor for ischemic and haemorrhagic stroke, and an acute hypertensive response is often observed in patients with intracranial haemorrhage (ICH). Available data indicate that the vast majority (> 70%) of patient with acute ICH have a systolic BP above 140 mmHg at the time of presentation in the ED; about 20% have SBP values above 180 mmHg. Severe BP elevation in the presence of ICH represents a hypertensive emergency, and worsening of clinical conditions is not infrequent in the first hours after admission; an aggressive early management is therefore required for these patients. Despite this, appropriate management of BP in acute ICH is still controversial, due to the complex issues involved, and the heterogeneous results obtained in clinical trials. This article will review the available evidence supporting acute BP reduction in acute ICH.
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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