Cross-opposite phyllotaxis forms are defined as superior with respect to the alternate ones and verticillate phyllotaxis forms as superior with respect to the opposite ones. Different phyllotaxis forms can be interpreted as a result of stretching of crystal-like structures of the embryo formed by dense packing of rudiments. Based on hypothetical concepts of the properties of plant rudiments and embryos, possible mechanisms of the formation of superior phyllotaxis forms from the lower ones have been analyzed. It was shown that the superior phyllotaxis forms can be considered as the results of additive summation of the lower forms. The theoretical conclusions are confirmed by the examples of polymorphic phyllotaxis in conspecific plants and by the facts of accidental splitting of superior phyllotaxis forms into the corresponding lower forms in nature and in experiment. The hexagonal-tetragonal type of phyllotaxis was theoretically predicted and found in nature. The mechanism underlying the formation of multiple forms of the helical phyllotaxis was considered.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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