Theoretical correlation of linear and non-linear rheological symptoms of long-chain branching in polyethylenes irradiated by electron beam at relatively low doses

Theoretical correlation of linear and non-linear rheological symptoms of long-chain branching in... Dynamic and transient shear and elongation flow experiments along with gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis are performed on linear low-density polyethylenes (LLDPEs) irradiated at doses below 25 kGy. GPC data indicate no changes in the molar mass distribution, and there are almost no changes in melt and crystallization temperatures, likewise. Contrary, dynamic shear rheological behavior including thermorheological complexity, type of reduced van Gurp-Palmen curves, and zero shear-rate viscosities all disclose growing levels of long-chain branching with irradiation dose. An inverse tube model is developed for binary blend of linear and star chains and used to extract the fraction of the branched components. Modeling results reveal progressive increase in the length and fraction of star chains, as evidenced by appearance of an anomalous double overshoot in the transient shear viscosities. Detection of strain hardening in extensional stress growth coefficient data, well-quantified by molecular stress function model, is also in agreement with the predictions of tube model. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Rheologica Acta Springer Journals

Theoretical correlation of linear and non-linear rheological symptoms of long-chain branching in polyethylenes irradiated by electron beam at relatively low doses

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Materials Science; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Polymer Sciences; Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics; Mechanical Engineering; Food Science
ISSN
0035-4511
eISSN
1435-1528
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00397-017-1029-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Dynamic and transient shear and elongation flow experiments along with gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis are performed on linear low-density polyethylenes (LLDPEs) irradiated at doses below 25 kGy. GPC data indicate no changes in the molar mass distribution, and there are almost no changes in melt and crystallization temperatures, likewise. Contrary, dynamic shear rheological behavior including thermorheological complexity, type of reduced van Gurp-Palmen curves, and zero shear-rate viscosities all disclose growing levels of long-chain branching with irradiation dose. An inverse tube model is developed for binary blend of linear and star chains and used to extract the fraction of the branched components. Modeling results reveal progressive increase in the length and fraction of star chains, as evidenced by appearance of an anomalous double overshoot in the transient shear viscosities. Detection of strain hardening in extensional stress growth coefficient data, well-quantified by molecular stress function model, is also in agreement with the predictions of tube model.

Journal

Rheologica ActaSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 3, 2017

References

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