Theoretical and experimental investigations are conducted for rectangular cavities of varying sizes in low Mach number turbulent flows. Emphasis is put on the characterization of the generation of self-sustained oscillations in order to develop methods of active control applied to the aeroacoustics of cavity flows. A linearized stability analysis for low Mach number flows is proposed in which the interface of the cavity is modeled by a vorticity layer. Subsequently, the cavity flow is investigated experimentally in a subsonic wind tunnel, using pressure measurements and a phase-locked particle image velocimetry system. Experimental results indicate that the oscillation process is governed by convective waves, with no definite influence of convected vortical structures. The good agreement between the experimental data and the predictions given by the model allows the identification of the oscillations of the cavity interface via the parameters issued from the theoretical analysis.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 2, 2004
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