Seven-day-old kidney bean and cabbage seedlings were treated with 0.1–0.3 M NaCl solutions for 3 days. Chlorophyll content decreased in NaCl-treated Phaseolus seedlings, but did not significantly decrease in Brassica seedlings. Photochemical efficiency of photosystem II at dark-adapted state was similar in both Phaseolus and Brassica. The de-epoxidation state of violaxanthin increased more than sixfold in Phaseolus but showed no significant change in Brassica seedlings during NaCl treatment under low light. Maximum de-epoxidation state of violaxanthin in vivo tested in high light (2000 μmol quanta/(m2 s) increased in salt-stressed Phaseolus but decreased in Brassica seedlings. The nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) also increased in Phaseolus but decreased in Brassica. This suggests that xanthophyll cycle pigments influence the NPQ in both Phaseolus and Brassica, but in an opposite way. The increase in the de-epoxidation state of violaxanthin in salt-stressed Phaseolus even under low light may be considered an early light signal to protect the pigment-protein complexes from salt-stress induced photodamage. It is proposed that in salt-stressed Brassica, the de-epoxidation is retarded and/or the epoxidation is accelerated leading to the accumulation of violaxanthin and a lower de-epoxidation state. Thus, light-induced violoxanthin cycle operation largely controls the photoprotection of photosynthetic apparatus in kidney bean leaves.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 24, 2006
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