The vernalization gene FRIGIDA in cultivated Brassica species

The vernalization gene FRIGIDA in cultivated Brassica species The repressor FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) holds a key position among the genes, which drive Arabidopsis floral transition along the vernalization pathway. The FRIGIDA (FRI) gene activates FLC expression, and the interplay of strong and weak alleles of FLC and FRI in many cases explains the variations in Arabidopsis requirement for cold induction. In annual and biennial life forms of Brassica, the variations in time to flower have been also related to FLC; whereas the place of FRI in the vernalization process has not been sufficiently elucidated. In contrast to Arabidopsis, FRI in Brassica genomes A and C and presumably B is represented by two expressible loci, FRI.a and FRI.b, each of them manifesting genome-specific polymorphisms. FRI.a and FRI.b sequences from diploid species B. rapa (genome A) and B. oleracea (genome C) are conserved (96–99% similarity) in subgenomes A and C of tetraploid species B. carinata (genome BC), B. juncea (genome AB), and B. napus (genome AC). Phylogenetic analysis of FRI sequences in the genus Brassica clearly discerns the lineages A/C and B, while in the family Brassicaceae, two FRI clusters discriminated by such analysis correspond to the lineages I (including the genus Arabidopsis) and II (including the genus Brassica). The origin of two FRI loci is discussed in the context of the Brassicaceae evolution via paleopolyploidy and subsequent genome reorganization. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

The vernalization gene FRIGIDA in cultivated Brassica species

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443714030030
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The repressor FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) holds a key position among the genes, which drive Arabidopsis floral transition along the vernalization pathway. The FRIGIDA (FRI) gene activates FLC expression, and the interplay of strong and weak alleles of FLC and FRI in many cases explains the variations in Arabidopsis requirement for cold induction. In annual and biennial life forms of Brassica, the variations in time to flower have been also related to FLC; whereas the place of FRI in the vernalization process has not been sufficiently elucidated. In contrast to Arabidopsis, FRI in Brassica genomes A and C and presumably B is represented by two expressible loci, FRI.a and FRI.b, each of them manifesting genome-specific polymorphisms. FRI.a and FRI.b sequences from diploid species B. rapa (genome A) and B. oleracea (genome C) are conserved (96–99% similarity) in subgenomes A and C of tetraploid species B. carinata (genome BC), B. juncea (genome AB), and B. napus (genome AC). Phylogenetic analysis of FRI sequences in the genus Brassica clearly discerns the lineages A/C and B, while in the family Brassicaceae, two FRI clusters discriminated by such analysis correspond to the lineages I (including the genus Arabidopsis) and II (including the genus Brassica). The origin of two FRI loci is discussed in the context of the Brassicaceae evolution via paleopolyploidy and subsequent genome reorganization.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 27, 2014

References

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