The variable codons of H3 influenza A virus haemagglutinin genes

The variable codons of H3 influenza A virus haemagglutinin genes We have analyzed several sets of well-studied haemagglutinin (HA) gene sequences of H3 subtype influenza A viruses to identify codons that are unusually variable, using a simple pairwise sliding window method, DnDscanning. For two of the sets there were results of detailed phylogenetic modeling studies of selection already published. A third set had been the subject of an antigen mapping study, the results of which provide a completely independent benchmark of selected changes in H3 HA genes. Our analyses show that the codons with greatest DnDscan scores (i.e. the most variable) were mostly those reported in the published studies as being positively selected; indeed the DnDscan results matched the antigenic mapping results more closely than did those of the phylogenetic modeling methods. These results suggest that codons under selection can be found even when, as with some sets of virus sequences, a phylogeny is uncertain or cannot be obtained because, for example, the sequences are recombinants, or when selection is not necessarily linked with phylogeny, as in host-switching events. The program DnDscan is available at http://biojanus.anu.edu.au . http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

The variable codons of H3 influenza A virus haemagglutinin genes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-variable-codons-of-h3-influenza-a-virus-haemagglutinin-genes-bRp5eVHIiK
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-006-0834-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We have analyzed several sets of well-studied haemagglutinin (HA) gene sequences of H3 subtype influenza A viruses to identify codons that are unusually variable, using a simple pairwise sliding window method, DnDscanning. For two of the sets there were results of detailed phylogenetic modeling studies of selection already published. A third set had been the subject of an antigen mapping study, the results of which provide a completely independent benchmark of selected changes in H3 HA genes. Our analyses show that the codons with greatest DnDscan scores (i.e. the most variable) were mostly those reported in the published studies as being positively selected; indeed the DnDscan results matched the antigenic mapping results more closely than did those of the phylogenetic modeling methods. These results suggest that codons under selection can be found even when, as with some sets of virus sequences, a phylogeny is uncertain or cannot be obtained because, for example, the sequences are recombinants, or when selection is not necessarily linked with phylogeny, as in host-switching events. The program DnDscan is available at http://biojanus.anu.edu.au .

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off