The variability in chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum) mitochondrial DNA and its connection with the paleogeological events in the northwest Pacific

The variability in chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum) mitochondrial DNA and its connection... The results of examining mtDNA variability in populations of chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta from the rivers of the basins of the seas of Japan and Okhotsk and in the chum salmon seasonal races of the Amur River are presented. A significant level of polymorphism between the majority of the populations studied was detected. The groups of chum salmon from the seas of Japan and Okhotsk displayed the most pronounced differences. Analysis of genetic variability demonstrated that periodic paleontologic and climatic changes in the past of this region were the most probable factor that caused the divergence of these populations. The advances and retreats of glaciers and the accompanying regressions and transgressions of the ocean level caused isolation of chum salmon in the refugia belonging hypothetically to the paleo-Shuifen and paleo-Amur regions. These population groups diverged presumably 350–450 thousand years ago. Differences between the seasonal races of the Amur chum salmon are insignificant, and their emergence dates back to the period of the last Wisconsinian glaciation. Probably, the main isolation factor now is the genetically determined time of spawning. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

The variability in chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum) mitochondrial DNA and its connection with the paleogeological events in the northwest Pacific

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795406100085
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The results of examining mtDNA variability in populations of chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta from the rivers of the basins of the seas of Japan and Okhotsk and in the chum salmon seasonal races of the Amur River are presented. A significant level of polymorphism between the majority of the populations studied was detected. The groups of chum salmon from the seas of Japan and Okhotsk displayed the most pronounced differences. Analysis of genetic variability demonstrated that periodic paleontologic and climatic changes in the past of this region were the most probable factor that caused the divergence of these populations. The advances and retreats of glaciers and the accompanying regressions and transgressions of the ocean level caused isolation of chum salmon in the refugia belonging hypothetically to the paleo-Shuifen and paleo-Amur regions. These population groups diverged presumably 350–450 thousand years ago. Differences between the seasonal races of the Amur chum salmon are insignificant, and their emergence dates back to the period of the last Wisconsinian glaciation. Probably, the main isolation factor now is the genetically determined time of spawning.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 7, 2006

References

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