The Use of SPlus Software to Analyse Event History Data: An Application to the Early Career Promotion of Nurses in UK

The Use of SPlus Software to Analyse Event History Data: An Application to the Early Career... This paper discusses the benefits of using SPlus software to carry out longitudinal analyses such as event history methods. An illustration is provided using three-year career histories of a nationally drawn cohort of recently qualified registered nurses, who completed a diploma programme in the UK between August 1997 and September 1998. For the purposes of this paper, the time to first promotion is examined using a Cox proportional hazards model with a frailty term included, to allow for unobserved heterogeneity. The results indicated that men have a slightly higher rate of promotion compared with women, and particularly when compared with women who took a maternity break during their early career. Age is also a significant factor, with younger cohort members being promoted at a higher rate than their older colleagues. The inclusion of a frailty term to account for clustering at the university level also significantly improved the model. It is shown that SPlus, which is a powerful, user-friendly statistical package, can be easily utilized by researchers to carry out event history analysis as well produce high quality cumulative hazard and diagnostic plots using its sophisticated graphics facilities. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

The Use of SPlus Software to Analyse Event History Data: An Application to the Early Career Promotion of Nurses in UK

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Subject
Social Sciences; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
ISSN
0033-5177
eISSN
1573-7845
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11135-005-0265-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper discusses the benefits of using SPlus software to carry out longitudinal analyses such as event history methods. An illustration is provided using three-year career histories of a nationally drawn cohort of recently qualified registered nurses, who completed a diploma programme in the UK between August 1997 and September 1998. For the purposes of this paper, the time to first promotion is examined using a Cox proportional hazards model with a frailty term included, to allow for unobserved heterogeneity. The results indicated that men have a slightly higher rate of promotion compared with women, and particularly when compared with women who took a maternity break during their early career. Age is also a significant factor, with younger cohort members being promoted at a higher rate than their older colleagues. The inclusion of a frailty term to account for clustering at the university level also significantly improved the model. It is shown that SPlus, which is a powerful, user-friendly statistical package, can be easily utilized by researchers to carry out event history analysis as well produce high quality cumulative hazard and diagnostic plots using its sophisticated graphics facilities.

Journal

Quality & QuantitySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 6, 2005

References

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