Two cycles of recurrent selection were performed in maize with the use of matroclinous haploids. Two synthetic populations, SP and SA, were improved. Each cycle consisted of two stages: (1) isolation of haploids from the synthetic populations and (2) growth of the haploids, pollination with pollen from diploid plants, and selection. The selection was performed for ear size in haploid plants. The mean gain in productivity in the synthetic populations SP and SA the per cycle was 16.48 and 20.98%, respectively. It is suggested that the high value of this index is related to the fact that haploid plants reveal useful genes with additive and epistatic effects. Natural selection may have played a part, too. The combination of artificial and natural selection in haploids resulted in a considerable gain in productivity in the synthetic populations to be improved.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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