P1: GDP/LCT/LOV/GCZ P2: FYJ/LCR/FNV/FZN QC:
Sex Roles [sers] pp436-sers-369961 March 8, 2002 13:50 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999
Sex Roles, Vol. 45, Nos. 9/10, November 2001 (
The Two Worlds of Aggression
for Men and Women
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and Department of Psychology,
University of Western Ontario
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and Department of Epidemiology
and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario
The purpose of this research was to assess differences in the nature of phys-
ical aggression experienced by men and women. Random digit dialing with
Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing was used to obtain a sample of
1,753 Ontario adults aged 18–60 (response rate of 67%). This method of sam-
pling obtains respondents who reﬂect the ethnic and social diversity of Ontario.
Respondents were asked to describe the most recent incident of physical ag-
gression in which they had been personally involved during the past year. Most
incidents reported by females were with a male opponent, usually a spouse,
partner, or friend, did not involve alcohol consumption, resulted in high nega-
tive emotional impact, and pertained to jealousy. Incidents reported by males
tended to be with other males, friends or strangers, in bars or public places,
and involved four or more participants who had been drinking. Incidents in-
volving only men had lower emotional impact on respondents and included
more punching, threatening, and insulting behavior compared to incidents
involving other gender combinations. These results are discussed in terms
of the implications for violence generally and the importance of addressing
male-to-male aggression and factors that foster this form of aggression.
KEY WORDS: aggression; alcohol; survey; social context.
To whom correspondence should be addressed at Centre for Addiction and Mental Health,
Suite 200, 100 Collip Circle, London, Ontario, N6G 4X8 Ontario; e-mail: email@example.com.
2002 Plenum Publishing Corporation