The triggering receptor expressed by myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) plays an important role in infectious and autoimmune diseases but how it contributes to ventilation-induced lung injury (VILI) and inflammation is unclear. Here, we examine the possibility that TREM-1 activates signaling dependent on Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (Myd88) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB, which leads in turn to VILI. In a mouse model of VILI, which we validated based on lung edema and histopathology as well as cytokine levels, we examine mRNA and protein levels of TREM-1, TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB and its inhibitory protein I-κB in animals subjected to ventilation at normal or high tidal volume. The extent of lung edema, injury and inflammation were higher in the high tidal volume animals, as were the expression levels of all proteins examined. Treatment with TREM-1 agonist aggravated these effects, whereas treatment with TREM-1 antagonist attenuated them. Our results suggest that aggravation of VILI by TREM-1 in mice may be associated with TLR4-MyD88-NF-κB-dependent signaling.
Cell and Tissue Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud