An alternative to complete genome sequencing is development and analysis of ESTs—fragments of transcribed coding DNA sequences. The EST collections also enhanced the development of cDNA microarray technologies, which make possible assessing the transcription levels of several thousand genes in a studied tissue of an organism in the same experiment. This paper provides an overview of the results of experiments with a barley microarray, Affymetrix Barley1 GeneChip. The variation in transcription levels of over 22000 genes in germinating barley grain of 150 barley double haploid lines produced by crossing cultivars Steptoe and Morex. Variation in gene expression of each gene is a quantitative trait, which can be mapped in population of double haploids as the genetic loci determining its variation (expressed QTL or eQTL). A regulatory locus (eQTL) can colocalize with the corresponding gene on genetic map (cis-eQTL) or be distant from it, frequently on another chromosome (trans-eQTL). Thus, it is possible to detect and analyze cis- and trans-regulatory loci for genes on a genome-wide scale. The design of the Affymetrix oligonucleotide arrays makes it possible not only to concurrently test the transcription level of several thousand genes, but also to simultaneously detect the polymorphic regions in cDNA sequences, thereby finding a considerable fraction of all nucleotide substitutions between the compared genotypes. Two types of data (the expression levels of several thousand genes and the presence of polymorphic sites in their sequences) can be obtained concurrently when processing the results of the same experiment. The details of both procedures are illustrated with explanatory examples.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 12, 2009
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera