The pollution of heavy metals is a severer problem for the ecosystems in waters. The toxicity of Cd2+ on phycocyanin (PC) is studied in molecular level in this work. The fluorescence quenching of PC is observed by the adding Cd2+ from 0 to 500 × 10−7 mol L−1. From the theoretical calculation and the time-resolved fluorescence decay profiles, the fluorescence quenching of PC by Cd2+ is found to be static. The synchronous fluorescence spectra are used to study the change in amino acid residues of PC molecules, indicating that the effect of Cd2+ on the Trp of PC is more significant than the Tyr. The UV-Vis absorbance of tetrapyrrole decreases from 0.26 to 0.23 cps with increasing Cd2+ concentration, suggesting that Cd2+ affects the light adsorption and the photosynthesis function of PC. The circular dichroism spectra reveal that adding Cd2+ also changes the secondary structure (α-helix) of PC.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 11, 2018
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