The three flap mammaplasty

The three flap mammaplasty The "three flap mammaplasty" is a technique for breast reduction that has been used since 1992. It can be applied to breasts with any degree of ptosis and of any size. The same surgeon performs each surgical step on both breasts, which are held in traction by a special sterile device. The excision is mainly from the lower quadrants. The residual breast parenchyma consists of a large upper flap, to which the nipple–areola complex (NAC) is connected by a dermoglandular bridge, and of two smaller flaps (medial and lateral). The upper parts of these flaps are de-epithelialized and turned inwards to form a dermal septum that supports the large upper flap. This septum also contains a continuous nonabsorbent suture that connects the lower margin of the NAC to the gland center; thus preventing recurrence of ptosis. The scars are vertical or, in more severe cases, an inverted T with a short horizontal arm. European Journal of Plastic Surgery Springer Journals

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag
Medicine & Public Health; Plastic Surgery
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial