The Third Sodium Binding Site of Na,K-ATPase Is Functionally Linked to Acidic pH-Activated Inward Current

The Third Sodium Binding Site of Na,K-ATPase Is Functionally Linked to Acidic pH-Activated Inward... Sodium- and potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatases (Na,K-ATPase) is the ubiquitous active transport system that maintains the Na+ and K+ gradients across the plasma membrane by exchanging three intracellular Na+ ions against two extracellular K+ ions. In addition to the two cation binding sites homologous to the calcium site of sarcoplasmic and endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase and which are alternatively occupied by Na+ and K+ ions, a third Na+-specific site is located close to transmembrane domains 5, 6 and 9, and mutations close to this site induce marked alterations of the voltage-dependent release of Na+ to the extracellular side. In the absence of extracellular Na+ and K+, Na,K-ATPase carries an acidic pH-activated, ouabain-sensitive “leak” current. We investigated the relationship between the third Na+ binding site and the pH-activated current. The decrease (in E961A, T814A and Y778F mutants) or the increase (in G813A mutant) of the voltage-dependent extracellular Na+ affinity was paralleled by a decrease or an increase in the pH-activated current, respectively. Moreover, replacing E961 with oxygen-containing side chain residues such as glutamine or aspartate had little effect on the voltage-dependent affinity for extracellular Na+ and produced only small effects on the pH-activated current. Our results suggest that extracellular protons and Na+ ions share a high field access channel between the extracellular solution and the third Na+ binding site. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

The Third Sodium Binding Site of Na,K-ATPase Is Functionally Linked to Acidic pH-Activated Inward Current

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-third-sodium-binding-site-of-na-k-atpase-is-functionally-linked-to-KGeKha2UWn
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-006-0035-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Sodium- and potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatases (Na,K-ATPase) is the ubiquitous active transport system that maintains the Na+ and K+ gradients across the plasma membrane by exchanging three intracellular Na+ ions against two extracellular K+ ions. In addition to the two cation binding sites homologous to the calcium site of sarcoplasmic and endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase and which are alternatively occupied by Na+ and K+ ions, a third Na+-specific site is located close to transmembrane domains 5, 6 and 9, and mutations close to this site induce marked alterations of the voltage-dependent release of Na+ to the extracellular side. In the absence of extracellular Na+ and K+, Na,K-ATPase carries an acidic pH-activated, ouabain-sensitive “leak” current. We investigated the relationship between the third Na+ binding site and the pH-activated current. The decrease (in E961A, T814A and Y778F mutants) or the increase (in G813A mutant) of the voltage-dependent extracellular Na+ affinity was paralleled by a decrease or an increase in the pH-activated current, respectively. Moreover, replacing E961 with oxygen-containing side chain residues such as glutamine or aspartate had little effect on the voltage-dependent affinity for extracellular Na+ and produced only small effects on the pH-activated current. Our results suggest that extracellular protons and Na+ ions share a high field access channel between the extracellular solution and the third Na+ binding site.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 8, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off