This study examines the molecular species composition and heat-induced crystalline-liquid crystalline phase transitions of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) from the muscle tissues of six species of echinoderms that were collected during the summer: the starfishes Distolasterias nipon and Asterias amurensis, the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius, and the holothurians Eupentacta fraudatrix, Cucumaria frondosa japonica, and Apostichopus japonicus. Phospholipids (PLs) were in the liquid crystalline state, which is optimal for the functioning of the cell membranes. The use of data on the molecular species composition of PLs for the interpretation of their thermotropic behavior indicated that homeoviscous adaptation is achieved by various rearrangements in the composition of the aliphatic groups of PLs. The phase transitions of PC and PE of echinoderms (except holothurians) were symbatic. The presence of a high-temperature peak on the PC thermograms of C. frondosa japonica and A. japonicus is attributable to the melting of the phospholipid domain, which is composed of molecular species with saturated aliphatic groups. Such domains are responsible for a significant shift in the temperature ranges of the phase transitions of phospholipids of holothurians and sea urchin towards temperatures above 0°C.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: May 6, 2014
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