The synthetic cannabinoid 5F-AMB changes the balance between excitation and inhibition of layer V pyramidal neurons in the mouse medial prefrontal cortex

The synthetic cannabinoid 5F-AMB changes the balance between excitation and inhibition of layer V... Rationale 5F-AMB is one of the synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) designed to potentiate the ability to activate cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors and is abused worldwide. Although inhalation of 5F-AMB elicits serious adverse effects including impaired memory and consciousness, it is not known whether and how 5F-AMB affects the activity of pyramidal neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), a brain region associated with higher functions such as memory and cognition. Objectives In the present study, we examined the effects of 5F-AMB on mPFC layer V (L5) pyramidal neurons using in vitro whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. Results Bath application of 5F-AMB attenuated the frequency but not the amplitude of spontaneous excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs and sIPSCs). The attenuating effects of 5F-AMB were abolished by the CB1 receptor antagonist AM251. 5F-AMB also attenuated the frequency of miniature EPSCs and IPSCs recorded in the presence of tetrodotoxin. Moreover, the extent of attenuating effects of 5F-AMB on stimulus-evoked EPSCs was significantly larger than that on evoked IPSCs. Conclusions These findings suggest that 5F-AMB attenuates both excitatory and inhibitory transmission in mPFC L5 pyramidal neurons via the activation of CB1 receptors located in presynaptic terminals. Further, the net impact of 5F-AMB on L5 pyramidal http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychopharmacology Springer Journals

The synthetic cannabinoid 5F-AMB changes the balance between excitation and inhibition of layer V pyramidal neurons in the mouse medial prefrontal cortex

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Psychiatry
ISSN
0033-3158
eISSN
1432-2072
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00213-018-4933-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Rationale 5F-AMB is one of the synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) designed to potentiate the ability to activate cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors and is abused worldwide. Although inhalation of 5F-AMB elicits serious adverse effects including impaired memory and consciousness, it is not known whether and how 5F-AMB affects the activity of pyramidal neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), a brain region associated with higher functions such as memory and cognition. Objectives In the present study, we examined the effects of 5F-AMB on mPFC layer V (L5) pyramidal neurons using in vitro whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. Results Bath application of 5F-AMB attenuated the frequency but not the amplitude of spontaneous excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs and sIPSCs). The attenuating effects of 5F-AMB were abolished by the CB1 receptor antagonist AM251. 5F-AMB also attenuated the frequency of miniature EPSCs and IPSCs recorded in the presence of tetrodotoxin. Moreover, the extent of attenuating effects of 5F-AMB on stimulus-evoked EPSCs was significantly larger than that on evoked IPSCs. Conclusions These findings suggest that 5F-AMB attenuates both excitatory and inhibitory transmission in mPFC L5 pyramidal neurons via the activation of CB1 receptors located in presynaptic terminals. Further, the net impact of 5F-AMB on L5 pyramidal

Journal

PsychopharmacologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

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