The Structure and Function of OxlT, the Oxalate Transporter of Oxalobacter formigenes

The Structure and Function of OxlT, the Oxalate Transporter of Oxalobacter formigenes OxlT, the oxalate transporter of Oxalobacter formigenes, is a member of the Major Facilitator Superfamily of transporters (MFS), one of the largest groups of membrane proteins with substantial relevance to solute transport physiology, pharmacology, and possible drug development. MFS proteins transport a wide range of substrates such as organic and inorganic anions, sugars, drugs, and neurotransmitters. This review succinctly summarizes experimental work on a model MFS protein, OxlT, beginning with its identification as an electrogenic oxalate/formate exchanger, its three-dimensional structure, and discussion of biochemical and biophysical data that have shed further light on its structure and function. We also discuss the structure and function of OxlT in relation to notable MFS carriers such as LacY and GlpT. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

The Structure and Function of OxlT, the Oxalate Transporter of Oxalobacter formigenes

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-014-9728-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

OxlT, the oxalate transporter of Oxalobacter formigenes, is a member of the Major Facilitator Superfamily of transporters (MFS), one of the largest groups of membrane proteins with substantial relevance to solute transport physiology, pharmacology, and possible drug development. MFS proteins transport a wide range of substrates such as organic and inorganic anions, sugars, drugs, and neurotransmitters. This review succinctly summarizes experimental work on a model MFS protein, OxlT, beginning with its identification as an electrogenic oxalate/formate exchanger, its three-dimensional structure, and discussion of biochemical and biophysical data that have shed further light on its structure and function. We also discuss the structure and function of OxlT in relation to notable MFS carriers such as LacY and GlpT.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 16, 2014

References

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