Three-state quantum walks are quite different from two-state quantum walks. Following Endo and Konno (2013), one natural question is: What is the stationary measure of a space-inhomogeneous three-state quantum walk? In this paper, we consider a special space-inhomogeneous three-state quantum walk on the line, which we call the three-state Wojcik walk. We calculate its eigenvalues. And by using the SGF method introduced by Konno et al. (Quantum Inf Pocess 12:35–53, 2013), we obtain its stationary measure. We find that the measure decays exponentially with respect to position under some mild conditions; however, if the walk takes $$-1$$ - 1 as its eigenvalue, the asymptotic behavior of the measure is independent of position, which contrasts sharply with that of two-state quantum walks.
Quantum Information Processing – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 21, 2015
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