Found Phys https://doi.org/10.1007/s10701-018-0176-x The Standard Cosmological Model: Achievements and Issues George Ellis Received: 3 October 2017 / Accepted: 24 May 2018 © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract The present day standard cosmological model is a great theoretical achieve- ment. This chapter surveys the main themes that have arisen and issues that are still oustanding. Keywords Cosmology · Hot Big Bang · Horizons 1 From Philosophy to Physics This meeting was held at the Specola Vaticana, Castel Gandolfo, to commemorate the legacy of Fr. George Lemaître. He was without doubt the pioneering father of the expanding universe model. It was initially regarded by many physicists as a branch of philosophy that should not be taken seriously. However it is nowadays regarded as a branch of mainstream physics, particularly because of the theory of cosmic nucle- osynthesis. 2 The Standard Model 2.1 The Progression The original static model of Einstein gaveway  to the dynamic geometric models of Friedmann [47,48] and Lemaître , based on the Robertson-Walker geometry (Sect. 2.2), hence FLRW models. Applying the Einstein Field Equations (EFE)  B George Ellis firstname.lastname@example.org Department of Mathematics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa
Foundations of Physics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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